Groundhogs are excellent burrowers, using burrows for sleeping, rearing young, and hibernating. The average groundhog has been estimated to move approximately (5,500 lb), of soil when digging a burrow. Though groundhogs are the most solitary, several individuals may occupy the same burrow. Groundhog burrows usually have two to five entrances, providing groundhogs their primary means of escape from predators. Burrows are particularly large, up to (5 ft) in length and can pose a serious threat to agricultural and residential development by damaging farm machinery and even undermining building foundations.
The burrow is used for safety, retreat in bad weather, hibernating, sleeping, love nest, and nursery. In addition to the nest, there is an excrement chamber. The nest chamber may be about twenty inches to three feet below ground surface. It is about sixteen inches wide and fourteen inches high. There are typically two burrow openings or holes. One is the main entrance, the other a spy hole. When the young groundhogs are a few months old, they prepare for separation, digging a number of holes in the area of their early home. Some of these holes were only a few feet deep and never occupied but the numerous burrows gave the impression that groundhogs live in communities.
Trapping groundhog or woodchuck can be a fairly easy process at times. Depending on the time of year one or more can inhabit a den until young are born. Because groundhog hibernate their is only a short time to trap them, usually from early march through first hard frost in central Illinois. Using fencing, or a barrier to keep them from going under decks, garages, and sheds is a permanent solution to avoid damage. If you are interested in keeping these pest out permanently let me know when you call, I can bring some samples of fencing out.
Service area include, In Southern Cook County Illinois the cities of Orland Park, Orland Hills, Tinley Park, Palos Heights, Palos Hills, Palos Park, Matteson, Flossmoor, Olyimpia fields, Country Club Hills, Harvey, Markham, Midlothian, Crestwood, Hazel Crest, Alsip, South Holland, Homewood, Lansing, Forest Park, Richton Park, Crete, Glenwood, Saulk Village, (See also) Chicago Heights, Posen, Blue Island, Beverly Chicago. I provide animal control services to Illinois Will County Joliet, surrounding suburbs Shorewood, Lockport IL., New Lenox, Mokena, Frankfort IL. Frankfort Square, Homer Glen, Manteno, Peotone, Green Garden, University Park, Unincorporated areas of Will. Trapping in Towns and Villages including municipalities of Cook and Will Counties. ( Also ) Indiana nuisance wildlife control service in: Lake County, Dyer, Schererville, St. John, Lowell, Cedar Lake, Munster, Crown Point,Griffith, Merriville, Valparaiso, and Winfield IN. .